A Quick Guide through Outdoor Ponds
Ponds are mass of standing water which has occurred naturally or has been constructed by humans and they are usually smaller than lakes. Ponds that arise naturally usually do so in floodplains which is usually a part of the river system or they can be isolated depressions that fill up with rainwater over time. Most ponds are very shallow but they also have life in them mostly plants and animals that are adapted to surviving in water. There are a number of factors that influence the number and type of aquatic plants and animals that are present in a pond including water level, nutrient level, shading by the trees salinity, the effects experience when animals graze there as well as presence or absence of streams.
It is easy to construct a human made pond which are the most common types of pond as compared to a natural pond forming. During the dry season, farmers are likely to dig ponds in their backyards or remove mud from the existing ones to increase their depth so as they can collect adequate amounts of water during the wet season. Other ponds can be constructed to enhance habitat restoration and for wastewater treatment. In other cases, ponds can be constructed as architectural features or for aesthetic ornamentation for landscapes and the ponds can be referred to as water features or water gardens. Solar ponds are also artificial ponds which are used for thermal energy storage and fish ponds which are used for commercial fish breeding.
There are various factors that one need to consider when setting up an outdoor pond in their homes. The main thing to ensure during the construction of an outdoor pond is to look for a site that is well drained as well as ensure that there are no underground cables, pipes, sewers or even septic fields in the area. It is also important to ensure that there is an outdoor faucet that shall be used for the refilling of the outdoor pond. Ensuring partial shading of the outdoor pond will also prevent excessive evaporation from the pond as well as reduce the rate of algae growth in the pond. The shading should not be from trees since leaves might fall into the pond and accumulate at the bottom causing clogging of the pond pumps. The sun and the shade can be balanced depending on the purpose which the pond shall be put to by using plants such as lilies or even use a portable shade screen for shading. An outdoor pond liner should be used to line the pond during construction and should be placed once a hole has been dug. Edging of the pond perimeter or even placing some stones should be done once the outdoor pond has been filled with water.